The application of robotics in medicine continues to grow with new systems being reported in both the commercial and academic communities. The purpose of this workshop is to explore recent developments and future trends in image-guided and collaborative medical robotics.

Various image-guided robotic systems have developed for medical applications using different imaging modalities. The topics covered will include robotics for computer tomography (CT) guided interventions, magnet resonance imaging (MRI) guided interventions,  and robotic assisted US-guidance. The technologies discussed will range from self-standing to body-mounted robots. Particular emphasis will be given to robots designed to be compact and lightweight and to MRI compatible devices constructed with nonmagnetic material for MRI safety.

Collaborative Robotics is another major trend in the research community: prototypes of (semi-)autonomous systems have been developed to assist and support surgeons during surgery, relying on AI-based tools for perception, situation awareness, decision-making, planning and action.  Explainable AI and ethics guidelines for trustworthy AI become key aspects to be addressed properly to increase surgeons’ confidence in these tools; the EU is also pushing in this direction with the recent AI act draft which aims at regulating the deployment of products embedding artificial intelligence. Several applications demand collaboration between two robotics systems such as one robot holding an ultrasound probe and the other robot guiding an interventional or therapeutic device.  The workshop will cover human-robot collaborative systems aimed at allowing safe, flexible, and swift operation in complex workspaces. Deployment designs and safety measures to overcome known technical drawbacks during human interaction will be discussed. The need for the integration of robotic systems into the interventional operating room (OR) will be covered including fast and reliable communication between all present devices.

As one potential outcome of the workshop we aim to establish a consortium for an EU project proposal. We will also consider a white paper summarizing the results of the workshop including a planned panel discussion.

Date: Wednesday 29th June 2022

Time: 09:00 – 17:00

Organizing committee: Andreas Melzer, Kevin Cleary,  Riccardo Muradore, Kawal Rhode


Time Speaker/Title
08:30 – 09:00 Registration & Coffee
09:00 – 09:05 Andreas Melzer: Welcome address

Part I: Imaging Robotics

Session 1 Chair: Andreas Melzer / Kevin Cleary
09:05 – 09:35 Andreas Melzer MD DDS, FMedSci (ICCAS, University Leipzig and IMSaT University Dundee): Historical overview and state of the art of Imaging Robotics
09:35 – 10:05 Kevin Cleary, PhD (Children’s National Hospital): Robotically-Assisted MRI-Guided Interventions
10:05 – 10:35 Robert Webster, PhD (Vanderbilt University): How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the MRI
10:50 – 11:10 Coffee Break
Session 2 Chair: Kevin Cleary / Andreas Melzer
11:10 – 11:35 Shuangyi Wang, PhD (Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Automation) & Kawal Rhode, PhD (King’s College London): Automated robotic ultrasound
11:35 – 12:00 Jan Stallkamp, PhD (University Manheim): Robotic assisted Ultrasound guided Biopsy
12:00 – 12:25 Zion Tse, PhD (University of York): Tracking, Navigation and Positioning in Interventional Operating Rooms
12:25 – 12:50 Joachim Kettenbach, MD (Inselspital Bern): “CT-guided imaging robotics
12:50 – 13:00 Summary of morning program and overall discussion: Melzer / Cleary
13:00 – 14:00 Lunch Break

Part II: Collaborative Robotics

Session 3 Chair: Kawal Rhode & Riccardo Muradore
14:00 – 14:25 Prokar Dasgupta MD (King’s College London): State of the art of Surgical Robotics and unmet needs
14:25 – 14:50 Riccardo Muradore, PhD (University of Verona): The convergence of Robotics and AI in the collaborative medical robots of the future
14:50 – 15:20 Johann Berger (ICCAS University Leipzig): Collaborative Robotics Integration through SDC in the OR
15:20 – 15:40 Coffee Break
Session 4 Chair: Riccardo Muradore & Kawal Rhode
15:40 – 16:10 George Mylonas, PhD (Imperial College London): Gaze-controlled robotic scrub nurse and endoscopes
16:10 – 16:40 Luigi Manfredi, PhD (University of Dundee): Requirements for Flexible and Intraluminal  Robotics
16:40 – 17:00 Afternoon discussion: Rhode / Muradore


Learning Outcomes

Knowledge to be gained on:

  • Technology: Types of Imaging robotics, self standing up to body mounted robotic systems design criteria for end-vascular, cannula based and threapyeitc device position i.e. Focused Ultrasound.
  • Applications: Robotics for Fluoroscopy, computer tomography (CT), magnet resonance imaging (MRI),guided interventions and robotic assisted US-guidance.
  • MRI-compatible robotics made of nonmagnetic materials, pneumatics and optoelectronics sensors for MRI safety.

Collaborative Robotics:

  • soft and and hardware solutions for collaboration of two robotics systems and human-robot collaborative systems
  • needs for the integration of robotic systems into the interventional operating room (OR)
  • IEEE 11073 SDC (Service-oriented Device Connectivity)
  • related calls for EU project proposal.


This workshop is worth 6 CPD points, please register to qualify for certification.